Manu Navjeevan


Working Papers

1. An Identification and Dimensionality Robust Test for Instrumental Variables Models

Abstract I develop novel modifications of Lindeberg's interpolation technique to propose a new identification-robust test for the structural parameter in a heteroskedastic instrumental variables model. While I allow the number of instruments to be large, my analysis does not require this fact, making my test applicable in many settings that may not have been covered prior. Instead, the proposed test statistic has a limiting chi-squared distribution so long as an auxiliary parameter can be consistently estimated. This is possible using machine learning methods even when the number of instruments is much larger than the sample size. To improve power, a simple combination with the sup-score statistic of Belloni et. al (2012) is proposed. I point out that first-stage F-statistics calculated on LASSO selected variables may be misleading indicators of identification strength and investigate the performance of my proposed methods in both empirical data and simulation study.
Draft, Slides, ArXiv

2. Identification and Estimation in a Class of Potential Outcomes Models (with Rodrigo Pinto and Andres Santos)

Abstract This paper develops a class of potential outcomes models characterized by three main features: (i) Unobserved heterogeneity can be represented by a vector of potential outcomes and a “type” describing the manner in which an instrument determines the choice of treatment; (ii) The availability of an instrumental variable that is conditionally independent of unobserved heterogeneity; and (iii) The imposition of convex restrictions on the distribution of unobserved heterogeneity. The proposed class of models encompasses multiple classical and novel research designs, yet possesses a common structure that permits a unifying analysis of identification and estimation. In particular, we establish that these models share a common necessary and sufficient condition for identifying certain causal parameters. Our identification results are constructive in that they yield estimating moment conditions for the parameters of interest. Focusing on a leading special case of our framework, we further show how these estimating moment conditions may be modified to be doubly robust. The corresponding double robust estimators are shown to be asymptotically normally distributed, bootstrap based inference is shown to be asymptotically valid, and the semi-parametric efficiency bound is derived for those parameters that are root-n estimable. We illustrate the usefulness of our results for developing, identifying, and estimating causal models through an empirical evaluation of the role of mental health as a mediating variable in the Moving To Opportunity experiment.
Draft, ArXiv

3. Doubly Robust Inference for Conditional Average Treatment Effects with High-Dimensional Controls (with Adam Baybutt) R&R, Journal of Econometrics